Motivation: Why We Do What We Do, by Phineas Upham

By Phineas Upham The study of motivation seems to be one of those topics where much progress is made, but no final answers are ever given. Indeed, it is even hard to understand what a “final answer” would mean. A model which correctly predicted all of our actions would be very implausible and radically reshape [...]

“The Good, the Bad and the Ugly” by Phineas Upham

By Phineas Upham One can only stare in awe at the Socratic Elenchus at work. Elegant, simple, and powerful, it simultaneously routes out inconsistency within a belief-matrix while testing the interlocutor moral content. It is the extraordinary link between knowledge and morality that is explored between 77c and 78b of the Meno. Socrates and Meno [...]

‘Max Weber and Power’ by Phineas Upham


By Phineas Upham Max Weber’s theories do more than simply present a new model with great explanatory power; rather, their contribution can be seen as deeper. His methodology of investigation place a new importance on ideas, the individual, and context. Whether a tension exists between his “historical” and his implicit view of increasing “rationalism” is [...]

Nicholas Malebranche


By Phineas Upham After studying Aristotle and Augustine extensively at College and Oratory, Nicholas Malebranche (born 1638) read and became fascinated by Descartes. Malebranche agreed with the basic dualism in Descartes, but had significant disagreements with Descartes over key issues. Ordained and deeply religious he combined religion and philosophy in a meaningful and non-trivial way. [...]

Intellectual Worship


By Phineas Upham Maimonides’s views on reason and revelation simultaneously glorify reason as a means to understanding the holy scriptures and approach God, and also portray them as a tool, meant only for the elite, which is inherently and necessarily limited in its ability to communicate. He creates a kind of cult of knowledge and [...]

Leadership Theories of Henry Mintzberg

henry mintzberg

By Phineas Upham Henry Mintzberg, in his article Patterns in Strategy Formation, develops a way of looking at strategy that takes serious consideration of not only of leadership, which is often placed centrally in the literature of strategy, but also history and context. Leadership, indeed, is seen as a mediator between company momentum and situational [...]

On the Development of One’s Talents


By Phineas Upham Kant’s third example explores the implications of wanting to live for pleasure over betterment as a duty. The scenario is as follows: A young man wishes to live for pleasure only but has a great talent which could be developed into something which would help society and make him useful as a [...]